Getting An Edge on Diabetes
For anyone who had Diabetes, or knows someone with Diabetes, it is easy to understand the difference between Diabetes Type 1 & 2. Anyone that does not have experience with it, or was just diagnosed, it can be confusing and overwhelming. While the two types are similar, they are also very different. Here is some compare and contrast between the two types:
Type 1 Diabetes Cause: Autoimmune disease – the immune system attacks the body’s cells that create insulin in the pancreas. It usually presents in childhood, but can present right after birth.
Type 2 Diabetes Cause: Genes, lifestyle, and environmental. While a predisposition for diabetes can be inherited, it does not make it inevitable. Scientists have determined that diet and lifestyle have an importance in whether a person develops diabetes. This is usually diagnosed in in mid-life at age 40, but it has recently started developing at earlier ages. The body still makes insulin, but the body becomes resistant to insulin, and it makes it more difficult for the body to have the same blood sugar response.
Symptoms: High/low blood sugar, thirst, fatigue, hunger, and progress with damage to nerves, internal organs, and blood vessels. These symptoms are usually much faster to present in type 1 whereas type 2 can take years for damage to become apparent.
Diagnosing: Diabetes is diagnosed with a blood test. The result of the offending antibody will also determine which type of diabetes is present.
Treatment: A good diet and regular exercise is prescribed for both types of diabetes. Type 2 will progress from only diet and exercise to oral insulin medications and eventually can result in insulin injections and blood sugar monitoring. Type 1 will require insulin right away. They are also required to check their blood sugar levels up to 4 times a day. In more severe cases of type 1, a person may need to use an insulin pump that will continuously deliver insulin to keep their levels even. It is important to keep track of meals, medications, and blood sugar checks in either case. Developing an efficient reminder system can keep your sugar on track. If you carry a smartphone, using an app like MedsMinders will keep you on time.
Prognosis: For type 1, there is no way to cure or prevent it as of now. With more research there may eventually be though. Prevention is the best way to cure type 2. It is best for anyone at risk or with a family history to prevent it by a good diet and regular exercise. In the early stages, it is possible to reverse some of the damage by converting to a healthy diet and exercise, but the risk will not go away. The longer you can prevent the need for insulin, the better.
Managing diabetes via MedsMinders will be a great help in managing your health, communicating with your care givers and family.